La lecture guidée en maternelle - Guided Reading in a French Primary Classroom

Has this ever happened to you?

You're sitting at your guided reading table, with a group of sweet students who are gung-ho and eager to learn to read.

You spend 10-15 minutes painstakingly teaching them a new strategy to help them read new words on their own (look at the picture, look at the first letter, slide your fingers under the tricky word and say all the sounds, etc.), and they all nod their heads when you ask if they understand and can try it on their own.

You pass them a book, tell them the title, and they get started.

Things start out well, as they start reading the sight words that they know and get through the first sentence or two.

Then - along comes a new word!

You're so excited to see them try the new strategy that you taught them... this is the moment!

Your student arrives at the new word, you hold your breath expectantly, and then...

Nothing.

Your student lifts their eyes from the page and stares at you expectantly, waiting for you to tell them what to do.

Frustrating, right?!

This used to happen to me ALL. THE. TIME!!!

Five-year-olds are wonderfully sweet and want to do well and make you happy (for the most part!)

Yet, even my most motivated students were forgetting what to do every time they came to a new word... and I was tired of saying over and over "try your new strategy, try your new strategy" and have them blink back at me, totally lost and confused.

After a year or two of wanting to rip my hair out and having no clue how to get them to remember what to do when they come across a new word, I finally found a super fun solution.

Use animals to teach your students reading strategies!!

Yup - animals!

My students are suckers for anything cute, and they looooove animals. 

And I love when they remember what I've taught them 😉

Win-win!

Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!



I must admit that, out of everything I teach, guided reading has taken me the longest to figure out. 

No matter how hard I tried, I always had a hard time getting myself organized when it came to guided reading. 

By the end of the year, most of my students could/can read, but I didn't feel like I was well-organized, and didn't feel like I was teaching them in the most effective way. 

My lessons and text selection were often done on the fly, and I felt like my students would be even more successful if I could truly make the most of our time together.

But then, one year I decided that year would be different! 

My personal objective was to figure out guided reading for once and for all, and I think I've done it. I am excited to share with you what I have spent the past 3+ years figuring out!

In this blog post, I will share a bit about my schedule, how I stay organized, and, most importantly, how I get my students to remember their strategies - using animals.

I even have a FREE animal reading strategy poster and cheat sheet for you!

My guided reading routine


First of all, here is a schedule detailing how my guided reading block runs. 

I have time to see three groups per day, and each group stays with me for 15-20 minutes. The rest of my kids are doing centres at this time.

I sometimes do the étude de mots/conscience phonologique part at the beginning, and sometimes at the end. It works great both ways!

Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!

How students learn to read


As I am sure you all know, to become successful readers, students need to be able to use three sets of clues to figure out unknown words.

They need to rely on visual clues, they need to think about what would make sense, and they need to use what they know about language and sentence structure (for example, replace a noun with a noun because that sounds right).

A great teacher once told me that reading is like an orchestra - students need to use all three sets of clues together to make sense of what they are reading and to figure out unknown words correctly. 

But how do you teach your students to do that, especially when they are five??

My animal reading strategies


I have read a LOT of teacher blog posts about guided reading, trying to figure out how to best teach my kinders. 

I have noticed that a lot of them use animals (variations on the "beanie baby method") to teach their students seven essential strategies. 

Such a great idea! 

Five-year-olds love animals and need a visual anchor when they are trying to use strategies on their own. However, I couldn't find anything like it en français (story of my life! #amirite?!).

So, I adapted it myself and came up with this:


Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!

Seven animals to teach seven reading strategies. And they rhyme!

If, by the end of the year, your students can use these strategies to help them figure out unknown words, they will be using all three types of clues and will be reading rock stars! 



Want the guided reading cheat sheet? CLICK HERE or on the image below to sign up, and I will email it to you! 

(And keep reading for more details about each specific strategy!)


Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!



The 7 Strategies I Teach My Students



Regarde partout avec le hibou

The owl will remind students to look at the picture for clues to what the unknown word could be.

This strategy is perfect for those Level 1 books with predictable text!

Students will be able to read the predictable part of the story, and then check the picture for an idea as to what the unknown word will be.

By looking at the picture, they are thinking about what would make sense based on visual clues to finish the sentence.



Prépare ta bouche avec la mouche


The fly reminds students to get their mouth ready to make the beginning sound of the unknown word.

Then they can use the beginning sound in addition to the picture to come up with a word that makes sense.

This strategy is most helpful when students say things like, "Je mets mes souliers" when the book says, "Je mets mes bottes."

Both make sense when the student looks at the picture, but when they get their mouth ready to make the /b/ sound in bottes, they will know that the word can't be souliers.

This strategy can be taught once students know a good chunk of the letters of the alphabet and their beginning sounds.

After I teach this strategy, but before I move into the next one, I like to get my students to practice listening for, and segmenting, sounds in words.

We do this during our Étude de mots time during our lecture guidée block, usually after we have read our book.

When I introduce this idea, I don't use letters yet - we do this totally à l'oral.

I find that my students often struggle hearing multiple sounds in words without a lot of practice, especially if French is their second language.

Adding letters to the mix right away takes the focus off of just listening, and adds a whole new degree of difficulty.

So, how do I practice listening for sounds and segmenting/blending words without letters? With snake mats and manipulates!


Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!

In my Lecture guidée en maternelle pack, you'll find a collection of cards that show a picture of an object that has 2-3 phonemes. 

I printed them in black and white on coloured card stock - yellow for two phonemes and blue for three. 

I have also included snake mats with 2-3 squares on them. I get my students to draw a card and name the picture out loud (in this case a « rat »).


Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!

Then, they identify the first sound and say it (rrrrrrrrrr) while sliding up the first manipulative.

In these pictures, we are using magnetic bingo chips that I ordered from Amazon. They are our favourite!

You can also use seasonal erasers, regular bingo chips, or anything else they can slide.

Here is an affiliate link for the magnetic Bingo chips & wands that I use.


Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!

Next, each student says the second sound (aaaaaaa), and slides up the second manipulative. 

This part can be tricky, and I often have to get my students to do it over and over until they really segment it properly! 

They often want to say « rrrrrrr, rrrrrraaaa » and blend too soon. It's SO important that they segment each sound! 

This helps them big time when trying to hear multiple sounds in words when they are writing.


Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!

Finally, they blend the word together and say the whole thing: « rat! ».

They LOVE using my "magic" (magnetic) wants for this part.

When they sweep the wand from left to right, blending their sounds, the wand picks up their Bingo chips.

It's truly magical hahaha. They get so pumped!

If you are using another type of manipulative, they would sweep their hand left to right, picking them up while blending the word.

Once they get really good at two phonemes, we move onto three.

For variety, you can also do this activity with slinkies. They pull the slinky apart while segmenting, then push it back together to blend.



Étire le mot lentement avec le serpent


Now we are getting into decoding. This takes LOTS of practice.

Unfortunately, in French, there aren't that many simple, common words that students can practice decoding that don't have silent letters and sons composés.

I start with two-letter words (of which there are happily quite a few).

I like to use magnetic letters on a cookie sheet for this. Mine are colour coded: blue for consonants, red for vowels.

Here is an affiliate link for the magnetic letters that I use.
(You will probably need 2-4 sets to have enough letters for each student, depending on how big your groups are.)

I give them a few letters (for example a, v, t, m, s) and ask them to put all the blue letters on one side of the sheet and the reds on the other.

Then I say a word out loud (va). They repeat the word s-l-o-w-l-y like a snake and slide the correct letters together.

You can also use the snake mats and whiteboard markers and get your kiddos to write the letters they hear, one at a time if you don't have magnetic letters.

Once we are two-phoneme word masters, we work on three-phoneme words with beginning, middle, and end sounds.

There aren't many in French, so in my Lecture guidée pack, I provided you with a list of the ones I use, and the magnetic letters you will need to make them.

And remember - after a student segments a word, they HAVE to put it back together again, à l'oral!

This helps them when they read. It's no good for them to decode a word slowly by saying all the letters, but then not put them together to make a word.

Your students will not understand what they have read if they can't stick the sounds back together again!

That is why we have to practice segmenting and blending in isolation like this. Following that, they will be able to transfer their skills and use them while reading.

At this time, I also introduce a couple of sons composés that my students will see in their books - usually "on" and "ou" to start.

I do the same activities with the snake mat. I keep the son composés in one square even though there's more than one letter, because together they make one phoneme.



Trouve les parties avec la chenille


This is when I show my students how to read words in parts.

We practice looking for other sons composés, and we practice reading words in syllables.

This is such an essential strategy when they start reading longer words!

It's so much easier to read "salade" like "sa-la-de" instead of like "/s/-/a/-/l/-/a/-/d/-/e/" - the poor kiddos will forget all the sounds they have read!

You can read more about why your students NEED to master syllables and find more ideas for activities to try in this blog post.



Essaie un autre son avec le chaton

Happily, in French, their aren't too many letters that make more than one sound, unless they are part of a son composé. 

However, when we get to this strategy, I get my students to practice reading words with hard and soft c and g. 

We practice reading words with both possible sounds and decide together which would make sense. I like using sorting games and puzzles for this!

Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!

Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!




Saute le mot malin avec le lapin


Sometimes, it's more efficient to think of a word that would make sense than to decode a word using its letters.

If a word is tricky for a student, they may be able to skip the word, finish the sentence, and then go back and try a word that makes sense.

Of course, you HAVE to teach them that they can't just skip it and finish the book - they need to go back and try a word out!

A fun way to practice this strategy is to cover a few words in their book with a piece of paper. Get them to read the rest of the page and think about what word would make sense in that place.

I like to get them to write down the sounds they hear in their guess on a whiteboard, and then check through the word once they take the paper off and see if they were right.

If not, I get them to use their new clues (the letters of the uncovered word) to make another guess that makes sense.

I also have a product on TPT specifically for practising this strategy. It's called Mot caché and you can check it out right HERE.

You can do this same activity with the mouche by covering a word except for its first letter!



Essaie un autre mot avec l'escargot


This strategy is for when a student gets big-time stuck.

They have tried everything else and still can't figure out what the tricky word is.

Sometimes, this is going to happen. But we don't want our students to get stuck on an impossible word forever and refuse to continue their reading until someone comes and helps them!

We want them to be independent. Sometimes, they aren't going to know the exact word.
However, they should be able to think of another word that would make sense.

Students can use the structure of the sentence and their knowledge of language to replace the unknown word with something else that doesn't take away from the meaning of the text.

Then, they can continue reading and ask for help from an adult at another time.

For example, if a student is reading a book that says "J'aime mes moufles rouges!" and they have never heard the word "moufles" before and couldn't decode it, tried skipping it and coming back but their guess didn't match up, etc., they might get stuck there forever - if you don't teach them this strategy.

Instead, we want them to look at the picture, see that the character has red mittens, know that it would make sense to say "J'aime mes mitaines rouges!", say that instead, and continue reading.

Then later they could check with an adult what the unknown word was.

And, don't forget...


I like to always, always also remind my students of three questions to ask themselves when they are reading:

>> Does it make sense? 
>> Does it look right? 
>> Does it sound right?

If the answer to any of those questions is no, then they need to try one of their strategies! 

We don't want our students rushing through their reading and not noticing when they have made a mistake. 

They need to be thinking about the sense of what they are reading all the time! 

To help with comprehension, I question them before, during, and after their reading, and sometimes we play games. 

I have a little pack of guided reading cards that I keep with me to remind myself of questions to ask them. It can be hard to come up with good questions on the fly!


Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!

Rather than drill them with interview questions after we read, I have some spinners and dice that we use to pick a question or two to answer each time.

Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!


(All of those questions, spinners, and dice are included in my Lecture guidée pack on TPT.)

To keep all of this organized, I have a lecture guidée binder and a set of drawers.

My binder is a 1" binder from Costco. In it, I have a tab for each group, and a tab for each student. I also have a tab for my weekly plans.

You can organize your planning any way you like, but here is what I do!

First, I have a sheet to keep track of my groups. My guided reading groups are pretty fluid - when someone is no longer a good fit for their group, I move them to another.

Right now I have five groups, but later in the year,  I may have six, or eight... or even four!

I keep this sheet in a plastic sleeve and write my students' names with Sharpie. I can wipe it off using hairspray (#protip) if I need to move someone.

I use colours to keep track of my groups, and I let my group with the most needs choose their colour first.

Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!
My groups on the sheet are in no particular order
I also have a sheet for each group with space to plan out four lessons.

For groups I see more often (my below-level readers), I copy it double sided and plan out eight lessons.

This helps me make sure that my lessons have continuity and progression, and it helps me see the big picture!

I keep the sheet for each group behind the group tab in my binder.


Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!
After each lesson, I add notes with a different colour of pen if needed
Then I have another sheet I use to plan out my week.

This is a sheet I look at all week long and keeps me on track!

Since I have 4-8 lessons planned ahead of time for each group, it's easy to sketch out what the plan is for any given day for any given group on my weekly schedule.


Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!

I also do a fiche de lecture each time I give my kiddos a new book, so I can easily see who needs to sit by me so I can hear them read, and it helps me not miss anybody!

These sheets go behind each students' tab. They help me make sure that I am giving them books to read at their instructional level and see at a glance what they need to work on.

I like to use my own sheet, rather than the one provided by my school board because it has a place where I can circle which strategies my student used.

It makes it so easy to see their next step!


Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!
Ignore my hen scratching/grammatical error haha
To keep all of my activities, books, and games organized for each group, I have a set of six drawers (well, two sets of three drawers.)

They are from Walmart and cost about $13 each, and are big-time worth it!

Since I use colours for each of my groups, I put a picture of their colour on each drawer.
I have 5 groups, so I have one drawer left over.

In their drawer, I put everything I need for the week - their books, games, cards, activities, strategy cards/bookmarks, fluency bookmarks, empty fiches de lecture, anything!

In the sixth drawer, I keep things that I use with multiple groups.


Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!

Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!

I use colours for my groups, but in my TPT product, I have included multiple options for grouping your kiddos :)

Everything that you see in this blog post can be found in my TPT product: Lecture guidée en maternelle! 

This resource is specifically designed for kinders in mind, because they haven't learned any strategies yet, but can of course be used for grade ones as well!

It comes with...

  • Reading strategy posters
  • Cards/bookmarks to reinforce using their newly learned strategies at home
  • Tips, tricks, and ideas for how to structure your guided reading lessons, as well as questions to ask your students and things to say when they get stuck
  • Comprehension activities, questions, and games
  • Word work activities and games (blending, segmenting, reading words in parts, try another sound, etc.)
  • Lesson plan forms and running record sheets
  • Organization tips
  • And MORE! 

Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!


Looking for French Guided Reading help for your primary students? Check out this blog post for a sample routine, organization tips, and a FREE reading strategies poster & cheat sheet of ideas for teaching 7 essential reading strategies!

If you have any questions at all, please let me know in the comments! Happy reading!



Need some help with Lecture guidée?

Sign up to receive a FREE guided reading strategies poster & cheat sheet, and start helping your French primary students become independent readers!
    We won't send you spam. Unsubscribe at any time.
    Powered By ConvertKit

    Need some help with lecture guidée?

    Sign up to receive a FREE guided reading strategies poster & cheat sheet, and start helping your French primary students become independent readers!
      We won't send you spam. Unsubscribe at any time.
      Powered By ConvertKit

      7 comments:

      1. Quel travail colossale ! C'est tellement satisfaisant terminer un gros document comme cela !

        ReplyDelete
      2. Wow!!! Merci bien! Can you explain how you begin introducing a book? Do youngest introduce the entire class and then move onto individualization in group form or do you choose books at their level. I find with my new to French 1s they are all basically at the same spot. Thanks! Can't wait to buy!

        ReplyDelete
        Replies
        1. Sure! Basically, I started my whole class with an introduction to guided reading using little books I made myself (I didn't make a blog post about it, but I do have a product in my store here: https://goo.gl/Sor0jP). I did that for 2 weeks, then was able to tell pretty easily who had learned those sight words, and who understood directionality and had one-to-one correspondence. I also looked at how many letters and sight words each child knew (I had been sending home flash cards to practice all of the letters/words we had learned together and evaluated them quickly after we finished going though the alphabet). I don't have enough copies of any "real" books to give one to each student, so I pick through the books I have and try to find the best fits based on the sight words/vocabulary that they know :) Then I present the book to my group and we do a picture walk, talk about any tricky vocab/new words, and look at the predictable part of the text together. At this point, my below-level group is still at a level 0 (no one-to-one, less than 10 sight words, no directionality) and I have 4 students in it. These munchkins do not speak well, so we spend a LOT of time on vocabulary - you have to talk before you can read! I have another group of 2 that know about 10 sight words and have one-to-one, but a level 1 is still hard - again mainly due to vocabulary. Then I have 8 who are a level 1-2 so I divided them into 2 groups - one group knows 10+ sight words and one knows 20+ - these are the kids on par to where I would like them to be at this point in the year. My above-level group has 2 kids who are a solid level 3 and who know all their letters/30+ sight words and can read books without predictable text. Hope that helps!!!

          Delete
        2. I should mention that I try to give everyone in the group the same book, but you don't have to. I find it easier to do the picture walk that way, but if you are teaching a strategy, they should be able to practice it with any book at their instructional level :) I just find it way easier to give each group member the same book!

          Delete
      3. Wow quel bel article! Très informatif! Bravo!

        ReplyDelete